TYPE: Territorial Vertical Agriculture strategies
LOCATION: Testing potential area: Singapore
-Third Award winner of Re-thinking the Future RTF Awards 2014, New Delhi , India
Award Category: Urban Design-Smart City Award
-2nd Prize, 5th Advanced Architecture Contest “Self Sufficient Habitat”- IaaC-HP, Barcelona
“The world population is predicted to grow from 6.9 billion in 2010 to 8.3 billion in 2030 and to 9.1 billion in 2050. By 2030, food demand is predicted to increase by 50% (70% by 2050). The main challenge facing the agricultural sector is not so much growing 70% more food in 40 years, but making 70% more food available on the plate.” United Nations
The proposal addresses the pressing issue of global food security .Imports are almost the only source of food supply to Singapore which represents aprox. the 90% .Singapore limited land availability(land scarce) ,a dense nation,land premium prices and fast growing are some issues which led us to propose Singapore as a testing spot for Floating Responsive Agriculture, aka “F.R.A”. Inspired by Singapore’s Floating Fish Farms of Jurong’s Fishery Port, we aim to create a territorial network of Vertical infrastructures located close to the city areas which can produce local quality controlled food based on the cities real-time Food consumption data analisys.We propose a change from a consumer-Importer city to a Self-Productive City.We aim to Integrate technology and internet protocols with food consumption to produce exactly the amount and type of crops people need, also reducing food waste.The information layer system will inform a series of CPD’s(crop Production Devices) localized on Singapore’s water perimeter about the food supply demands according to established protocols and logics.
more info: http://atjapa.com/F-R-A
Il WWF organizza un ciclo di incontri presso la nuova sede alle ex Serre di via Tommaso da Cazzaniga (interno dei giardini comunali; metro 2, Moscova).
MARTEDÌ 1 LUGLIO
Presentazione del libro
“Il libro nero dell’Agricoltura”
(Ed. Ponte alle Grazie, 2012)
Quale agricoltura ci nutrirà?
Un importante interrogativo, soprattutto in questo momento in cui la nostra città si avvicina a Expo. L’agricoltura deve essere ripensata per soddisfare i bisogni di una popolazione mondiale in crescita e diventare allo stesso tempo uno strumento di riscatto sociale ed economico, nel rispetto dell’ambiente.
L’evento è organizzato da WWF Lombardia e Associazione Nostrale.
WWF Italia ONG ONLUS
Via Tommaso da Cazzaniga snc
Urbanization is increasing worldwide, relatively few studies have investigated patterns of urban biodiversity outside of city parks and reserves, in urban neighborhoods where people live and work. We evaluated models including local and landscape factors that might influence the bee and butterfly richness of community gardens located within densely populated neighborhoods of the Bronx and East Harlem in New York City (>10,000 people/km2). The gardens were surrounded by buildings and amounts of green space (3,600–17,400 building units and 10–32% green space within a 500 m radius). Contrary to our initial prediction that landscape green space might be especially influential in this heavily urbanized setting, the most highly supported models for both bee and butterfly richness (based on Akaike Information Criterion) included just the local, within-garden variables of garden floral area and sunlight availability. There was marginal support for models of bee richness including the number of building units surrounding gardens within a 500 m radius (which exhibited a negative association with bee richness). In addition, perhaps because bees are central place foragers that may nest within. Or near gardens, supported models of bee species richness also included total garden area, canopy cover, and the presence of wild/unmanaged area in the garden. Generally, our findings indicate that sunlight and floral abundance are the major factors limiting local pollinator diversity in this setting. This suggests that rooftop and other “open” urban habitats might be managed to increase local pollinator diversity, even if seemingly “isolated” within heavily developed neighborhoods.
READ MORE: http://www.fordhamcue.com/articles/Matteson%20and%20Langellotto%202010.pdf
We describe the richness, abundance, and ecological characteristics of bees in community gardens located in heavily developed neighborhoods of the Bronx and East Harlem, NY. In total, 1,145 individual bees, representing 54 species (13% of the recorded New York State bee ) were collected over 4 yr. The nesting habits of these species include bees that nest in cavities (33% of species), hives (11% of species), pith (1.9% of species), wood (1.9% of species), or soft/rotting wood (7.4% of species) substrates. Soil-nesting individuals were relatively rare (25% of individuals), perhaps due to a lack of proper soils for nesting sites. Parasitic species were scarce (5.6% of species, 2.6% of individuals), most likely because of an absence or rarity of host species. Overall, exotic species were abundant and constituted 27% of the total individuals collected and 19% of the identi?ed species. We compare these results to several bee faunal surveys inNewJersey andNewYork State, including newly reported species lists for Central Park and Prospect Park in New York City. Relative to other studies, bee richness of the urban gardens is reduced and composition is biased toward exotic and cavitynesting species. Nevertheless, despite their small size and location within highly urbanized areas, urban community gardens harbor a diverse assemblage of bees that may provide pollination services and opportunities for ecological exposure and education.
1 – Hacer una abertura en la botella de 7 a 10cm para cada semilla.
2 – Llenar la botella con tierra abonada.
3 – Perforar la parte inferior de las botellas para favorecer el drenaje.
4 – Poner las botellas en las ondulaciones del techo (si es de chapa)
5 – Colocar el tubo sobre la botella para el riego
6 – Conectar los tubos a un balde (puede ser de 20Lt.) que esté sobre su altura.
7 – Sembrar las semillas en la tierra y darle el riego adecuado regulando con canillas.
Esta idea fue implementada a partir de un proyecto realizado por Carolina Forero, de la Universidad Javeriana, como una solución para un barrio en Altos de Cazucá, una comunidad con falta de agua potable.
Mediante una serie de talleres, Forero y su nueva socia enseñaron a la gente de la comuna a cultivar lechugas y rábanos en sus techos usando botellas PET de dos litros y agua lluvia recolectada en baldes.
more info: http://www.labioguia.com/como-hacer-un-ecotecho/
Soil testing showed a pH range of 8-10, with no access to sulphate returning crop waste and jungle mulch was the only option. Returning organic matter has shown pH can be lowered to 6.5-7 the ideal range for vegetable and fruit gardens. Other strategies to improve tropical soils are the planting of ground and tree legumes, water harvesting techniques to avoid loss and run off.
The ceasing of bare soil cropping and designing garden beds to hold humus and avoid leaching are a necessity. Dig long trenches to a depth of 1-1.5m and 1-2m wide or 2 arm spans to avoid compacting soil when walking on. Line trenches with cardboard, paper, green leafy plant material or plastic. Be careful not to create a pond that can fill up, allow water to drain leaving an end unsealed. Raised beds up to 750mm above ground level lined with cardboard and filled with mulch and soil acheive the same result.
READ MORE: LINK
A network of tunnels 33 metres under Clapham in London, originally built as a WWII bomb shelter, is being used to grow a range of different salad vegetables destined for Londoners’ plates.
A network of tunnels 33 metres under Clapham in London, originally built as a WWII bomb shelter, is being used to grow a range of different salad vegetables destined for Londoners’ plates.VIEW GALLERY7 ITEMS
This week, Wired.co.uk paid a visit to the subterranean farm, descending the winding steps deep into the bowels of southwest London. The space is enormous. It’s made up of two seemingly never-ending tunnels (actually 430 metres long), lit — at least during our visit — only by the torches of Steven Dring and Richard Ballard, the founders of Zero Carbon Food, the company behind this agricultural curiosity.
MORE INFO: LINK
ARTICOLO DI VETIVERITALIA.IT
La capacità delle piante di vetiver di estrarre inquinanti è stata estensivamente messa alla prova negli ultimi trenta anni in tutto il mondo, le applicazioni più comuni sono ai reflui domestici, reflui industriali, scarti minerari, percolato da discariche.
Le piante hanno la capacità di resistere ed incorporare nella biomassa quantità straordinarie diAzoto, Fosforo, Potassio, Metalli Pesanti, Idrocarburi che sarebbero letali per ogni altra pianta.
Questa particolarità la rende adatta per la messa in sicurezza ed il progressivo disinquinamento di aree intensamente inquinate. La copertura vegetale permanente che si ottiene, riduce al minimo la volatilità degli inquinanti presenti sul terreno impedendo che questi penetrino nelle vie aeree di chi si trova in aree limitrofe e nella catena alimentare.
ECCO UN SOMMARIO DELLE TOLLERANZE:
- Elevata tolleranza ad alti livelli di acidità, alcalinità (pH 3.0- 10,5), salinità, sodicità, magnesio.
- Elevata tolleranza ad alti livelli di o Al, Mn, As, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, Hg, Se e Zn.
- Tolleranza a livelli estremi di Azoto (10000Kg/ha/annum) e Fosforo (1000Kg/ha/annum).
- Capacità di tollerare ed estrarre molecole quali EsaCloroCicloEsano (DDT) da terreni ed acque.
- Elevati livelli di tolleranza ad erbicidi e pesticidi quali Diuron e Atrazina fino a concentrazioni di 2000mg/L.
- Contemporaneo comportamento da Xerofita ed Idrofita (adattabilità alle condizioni di siccità estrema ed alla vita in palude) dovuto al particolare apparato radicale verticale e profondo, ricco di sclerenchima. Molto adatta a situazioni di allevamento Idroponico in vasche di trattamento (RZT) per scarichi fognari civili, industriali ed agricoli.
Allevata in lagune artificiali arriva a smaltire per evapotraspirazione fino a 279KL/ha/giorno circa 7,5 volte più delle comuni canne.
I dati relativi al contenuto di Azoto della biomassa di piante adulte indicano la capacità di estrazione ed eliminazione dei nitrati dagli strati più profondi del terreno.
La maniera più innovativa di produrre biomassa per la filiera energetica o acqua riciclata, risiede proprio nella soluzione all’inquinamento che questa pianta può fornire a costi esigui.
Garden Pool started as one family’s blog to document converting an old backyard swimming pool in to a closed-loop food-producing urban greenhouse and has evolved in to a non-profit organization.
The GP (short for Garden Pool) was a one of a kind creation invented by Dennis McClung in October of 2009. It is truly a miniature self-sufficient ecosystem. Rather than keeping our creation to ourselves, we have decided to share it with others. Garden Pools are being built all over the world offering an easy and sustainable solution to current food production challenges.
Garden Pool is dedicated to research and education of sustainable ways to grow food. Our mission as a non-profit is to develop better ways to grow food and help others do the same. Our operations are based in Mesa, Arizona at the home of the original Garden Pool.
MORE INFO: http://gardenpool.org/